Nyamuragira Volcano began a new eruptive phase in July, 2014. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) aboard NASA’s Terra satellite passed over the Democratic Republic of the Congo on July 1 and captured volcanic plumes rising from both Nyamuragira (north) and neighboring Nyiragongo (south).
Nyamuragira is one of the world’s most active volcanoes, erupting roughly every two years. Both volcanoes are known for large, very fluid lava flows. Lava from Nyamuragira blanket 1500 sq km of the East Africa Rift. According to Volcano Discovery, some flows have travelled more than 30 km from the summit. On July 3, scientists confirmed the presence of a fresh lava lake in the caldera, and increased SO2 emissions from the summit. The last eruption was in 2012.
Date Acquired: 7/1/2014
Resolutions: 1km (8.8 KB), 500m (120.7 KB), 250m (88.6 KB)
Bands Used: 1,4,3
Image Credit: Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA GSFC