September 22, 2013 - Tropical Storm Manuel (13E) over Mexico

Tropical Storm Manuel (13E) over Mexico

At approximately 11:00 a.m. EDT (15:15 UTC) on September 19, 2013, Hurricane Manuel made landfall near Culican, Mexico, bringing destructive rains and flooding to the northern part of the country after pounding southern Mexico only days before. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) flying aboard the Aqua satellite passed over the storm at 4:15 EDT (20:15 UTC) that same afternoon, when the center of the storm had already moved well inland.

The National Hurricane Center (NHC) issued its first advisory on the system on September 13, when a tropical depression formed about 240 miles (225 km) south of Zihuatanejo, Mexico. Early that morning the winds were 35 mph (55 km/h), and the government of Mexico immediately issued a tropical storm warning for the southwest coast of Mexico from Acapulco to Lazaro Cardenas. Tropical Depression 13 E quickly strengthened to tropical storm strength and was given the name Manuel that same day. By September 14, Tropical Storm Manuel had strengthened almost to hurricane status before striking the coast near Manzanillo, Mexico, where it quickly weakened as it poured heavy rain over the region.

By September 16, Manuel dissipated over west-central Mexico, at approximately 5 mi (10 km) west of Puerto Vallarta Mexico. Heavy rains continued along the southwestern coast, but the NHC issued a final advisory on the storm at 9:00 UTC (5:15 a.m. EDT) that same day. The remnants of the storm continued north into the Gulf of California where reorganization occurred. By September 18, Manuel had once again reached tropical storm strength and by 0:00 UTC on September 19 (8:15 p.m. Sep 18 EDT), the NHC reported that Hurricane Manuel carried maximum sustained winds of 75 mph (115 km/h) and was located only 20 mi (30 km) southwest of Altata, Mexico.

While Manuel was battering the Pacific Coast, Hurricane Ingrid was ravishing the Gulf Coast, making landfall at tropical storm strength on the morning of September 16 near La Pesca, Tamaulipas. The torrential rainfall from the triple hits (two by Manuel and one by Ingrid) brought “historic” flooding, according to new reports, and devastating landslides. At least 106 people died, while tens of thousands were stranded in Acapulco alone. The center of town of about 800 souls, La Pintada, was buried by a sudden mudslide during a holiday celebration on September 19, and many families were reportedly swept away by the mud, rocks and water. At last report, at least 68 remained missing.

Image Facts
Satellite: Aqua
Date Acquired: 9/19/2013
Resolutions: 1km ( B), 500m ( B), 250m ( B)
Bands Used: 1,4,3
Image Credit: Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA GSFC